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A Tool Kit for making your community safe from lead
STEP 2: ACTION - BUILDING A LEAD SAFE LOCAL COMMUNITY
Acting upon the information collected from the local lead assessment is the next step towards your Local Lead Action Plan. It involves mainly adopting measures that will ensure:
By becoming a 'lead-smart' council, you will protect your community from lead poisoning and at the same time prevent any potential lead related liability.
Since the early to mid 1990’s, an increasing number of councils have become aware of the hazards associated with lead and have adopted policies aimed at minimising adverse impacts on their community.
These measures have taken a variety of forms, including formulation of comprehensive lead action plans, lead abatement programs for council-owned buildings, or adoption of standard procedures for maintenance / renovation / demolition of buildings built before 1970.
Some NSW councils have adopted such measures, a few of them are mentioned in this document. Communicate with other Councils through the Council LEAD Project (CLP) e-group (http://groups.yahoo.com/group/CLP-NSW/) and exchange lead policy experiences.
Example: Lead abatement program of Ku-ring-gai Council owned Buildings
The Ku-ring-gai area contains many buildings built from the early 1900s to the present. Most of the Council-owned buildings were built prior to 1970, which has meant most, if not all, have been painted with lead based paint at one time or another. Council has been actively managing the issue, not only for health reasons but also the environmental risks associated with the degrading of lead-based paints. All relevant staff, namely Council painters and carpenters attend a comprehensive training course on how to treat areas that contain lead based paints.
Under our Environmental Management System (EMS) Policy Council makes a commitment to ‘Utilise a risk management approach to minimise adverse environmental impacts of its services and activities. In keeping with this commitment, it was decided to use the maximum safety option in managing Council’s buildings that contain lead, namely lead abatement. The first step is to test for lead on the area to be worked on using a simple chemical lead test kit. If the test proves positive, the surface of the affected area is prepared then simply painted over to ‘cover’ the lead-based paint. This involves minimum surface preparation and maximum safety for Council staff, the public and the environment.
This simple policy contains all the basic elements of a lead safety policy. From the initial assessment of lead risk in the local area, it starts at council level by putting in place the condition of lead safety, training of relevant workers and systematic lead testing of council assets. It is a great start to a more comprehensive Lead Action Plan.
Following is a selection of components that have been included in local lead management policies:
"Specification for surface preparation and repainting of lead paint on water supply pipe bridges", a lead-safe maintenance protocol was prepared for the Australian Water Technology (Sydney Water).
The newly adopted NSW Department of Housing policy on lead paint contains many interesting features which could inspire a council lead safety policy for all council owned or managed properties and infrastructures, in particular those frequented by children. Contact the Department of Housing for look up their website for details on the policy. (www.housing.nsw.gov.au).
Training of workers and employees in lead safety
Who should be trained?
Training allows a thorough understanding of applied knowledge of lead-safe management procedures which will protect the workers as well the public and the environment.
Who can deliver training?
A number of organisations can deliver training in lead paint / dust management tailored to particular needs. They include Master Painters Australia (NSW), and Companies performing lead assessment. The contact details of these are provided in this kit. Contact them to discuss the details.
Council should enforce lead-safe management when the work involves contractors. This can be achieved in any of these ways:
As employers, councils have to comply with the Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) Act and Regulations (NSW Occupational Health and Safety Act, 2000 and NSW Occupational Health and Safety Regulations 2001), and provide their workers with a safe working environment. This statute incorporates the provisions of the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission: Control of Inorganic Lead at Work [NOHSC:1012(1994)].
Under the OH&S regulations, council’s obligations as an employer and in relation to lead safety include the general provisions of Chapter 2: Places of work risk management and other matters, and in particular:
Clause 9: Employer to identify hazards;
Clause 10: Employer to assess risks;
Clause 11: Employer to eliminate or control risks;
Clause 12: Employer to review risk assessments and control measures;
Clause 13: Employer to provide instruction, training and information;
Clause 15: Provision by an employer of personal protective equipment;
Clause 16: Employer to obtain information.
Also, pursuant to the OH&S Regulations 2001, specific provisions apply to lead processes (Part 6: Lead Processes and Lead Risk Work), entailing specific obligations, including:
Clause 201: Employer to control risks from lead;
Clause 202: Biological monitoring and health surveillance;
Clause 203: Employer to remove certain employees from lead risk work.
WorkCover Guidelines on Ceiling Dust Removal
WorkCover NSW has developed Guidelines on ceiling dust removal, "Assessment of Lead Exposure Associated with Ceiling Dust Removal" recommending a series of procedures in order to minimise health risk from exposure to the lead normally found in ceiling dust. One important recommendation is that the "ceiling must be cleaned of accumulated dust before commencing any work involving partial or complete removal of the ceiling itself."
The WorkCover Guidelines also state:
There are a number of guidance notes already in place, for example:
Other Relevant Australian Standards
Protection of natural and built heritage has become an important responsibility of councils, and almost every council counts in its staff a heritage officer.
Built heritage by definition raises lead issues. It is therefore of foremost importance that heritage officers in councils be trained on lead-safe management. Most heritage buildings were built at a time when paint contained up to 50% lead.
They would also have accumulated, over the years, loads of toxics including lead in ceiling and cavity voids and the soil around them is likely to be contaminated from previous exterior renovations. A Lead Management Plan should be required for any work on heritage buildings and lead-safe fact sheets should be on the desk of each heritage officer, for the benefit of the owners of such properties and of the community.
Where possible, replace lead products with lead free products.
Increasingly, alternatives to lead products are being developed. Show that you care and opt for the lead-free alternative.
Lead free solder, cables, electrical tape and flashing are some of the products being offered lead free. See Related Resources for information on these products.
When replacing old computers, opt for Liquid Crystal Display VDUs. That simple measure will reduce, by approximately 2 kilograms, the quantity of lead sitting on each employee’s desk.
Old VDUs should be re-used when possible. Contact Technical Aid to the Disabled (TAD), an organisation that collects used computers to give computer access to the disabled. Non-pentium computers will need to be recycled. Phone MRI on (02) 9729 4999 to ask what the options are.
This section focuses on the regulatory and planning tools that can be used by councils and incorporated into a local Lead Action Plan to prevent any lead contamination or to remediate such occurrence.
These regulatory and planning tools enable councils to not only promote lead safety - see Step 3 - but also to impose and enforce it.
In the majority of local government areas, a large proportion of buildings were erected prior to 1970. In keeping with the principles of ecologically sustainable development (ESD) and in particular with the precautionary principle, council must assume that renovation or demolition of all buildings requires lead management procedures, unless proven otherwise.
Amongst the options available to council to minimise lead exposure in the context of developments, adopting a development control plan (DCP) for lead contamination, such as that proposed in the EPA Lead Guide for Council' is arguably the most efficient way of addressing the problem. It also constitutes a key element in any strategy to eliminate lead poisoning.
The DCP should be seen however as only one component of a Local Lead Action Plan. It is recommended that each council takes into consideration its own lead profile as well as its own circumstances, and develop its own Local Lead Action Plan.
Along this line, the purposes of this second step towards your Local Lead Action Plan are:
Councils are vested with statutory powers and with responsibilities in a number of areas relevant to lead safety.
Environmental Planning and Contaminated Land Management
Many of the activities that can result in lead hazards can be controlled by Councils through their development control powers under the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979. The scope of council's power to impose conditions on a proposed development and enforce lead-safe work practices depends upon the type of development considered – complying, local, integrated, exempt or state-significant.
Refer to the flow chart "Assessing the risk of lead contamination" in the EPA Lead Guide for Councils for a detailed description of the assessment process according to the type of development as suggested in the example Development Control Plan.
It is important to highlight that where approval is not required, such as in the case of exempt development, council may require that the person carrying out the activity demonstrates either the absence of lead risk or that the activity is being carried out in a lead-safe manner.
When considering a development approval, Councils must take into account "the likely impact of that development, including environmental impact on both the natural and built environments, and social and economic impact", and "the public interest" (S.79c EP&A Act). Lead risk assessment and, when risk present, the necessary measures to prevent the release of lead into the environment, form part of the consideration of the likely impact of the development.
In NSW, local councils have particular responsibilities associated with land contamination and remediation. The Contaminated Land Management Act 1997 provides that management of contaminated sites that do not pose a significant risk of harm to human health or the environment, and hence are suitable for the current or approved use, through the land use planning processes.
In addition, local councils have a responsibility in insuring that land is not developed if it is unsuitable for a proposed use because it is contaminated. If the land is unsuitable, remediation must take place before the land is developed. The policy makes remediation permissible across the State, defines when consent is required, requires all remediation to comply with standards, ensures land is investigated if contamination is suspected, and requires councils to be notified of all remediation proposals (State Environmental Planning Policy No.55, Remediation of Land (SEPP 55) , clause 7).
The responsibilities of councils relating to contaminated land, in conjunction with the obligations and powers vested in council by the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 can be combined in a local policy such as a Development Control Plan on contamination issues in general or specifically on lead management.
At this point, it may be worth mentioning the information provided on the National Pollutant Inventory (NPI) www.npi.gov.au . It was designed to help governments at all levels with environmental planning and management and may be of assistance in determining potential contamination issues.
Development Control Plans allow council to identify, in a systematic manner, requirements relating to development in their local government area that are or will be taken into consideration when determining a development application and when making a Local Environmental Plan (LEP) (as required by the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 and SEPP 55)
The provisions of a DCP supplement controls of the Local Environmental Plan, and usually contain more precise and detailed requirements than those of the LEP. The legal authority of DCPs is likely to increase with the review of plan-making in NSW, "Plan First" undertaken by Planning NSW, proposing that DCPs be deemed part of the Local Environmental Plan.
Some councils - such as Leichhardt Municipal Council - have adopted such an approach for some years, and have opted for the incorporation of the lead provisions in a DCP on Contaminated Land.
Other councils - such as Broken Hill Council - have preferred to adopt a DCP specifically on Management of Lead Contamination.
With the model DCP for Lead Contamination proposed as part of the EPA Lead Guide for Councils, it has now become much easier for councils to adopt an adequate lead-safe policy. This DCP was developed in association with the Lead Reference Centre (LRC), and local and state government representatives.
The aim of the proposed plan is "to minimise lead exposure to the public and lead pollution in the environment by requiring lead-safe work practices and controls and proper disposal procedures during development activities."
More specifically, the objectives of the plan are to:
A key feature of the DCP is to shift the onus of identifying potential lead risk onto the developer.
The Example DCP consists of:
General requirements, including:
Specific requirements, relating to specified activities, as follows:
In relation to each of these activities, the plan provides the basic safety procedures that should be complied with, and refers to relevant standards and regulation. More detailed information is provided in the Technical Notes component of the EPA Lead Guide for Councils.
Following are policy elements that council can choose to adopt independently or as part of a DCP.
In many other local government areas, the authority opted for the adoption of standard conditions of consent.
In the absence of a DCP on lead, council may be satisfied with the adoption of standard conditions for development / demolition, that ensure:
A number of councils have adopted this approach, and standard conditions can be adapted from the provisions of the example DCP on lead contamination developed by the EPA in EPA Lead Guide for Councils.
Through the Council LEAD Project e-group, you can discuss the provisions incorporated in other councils' Standard Conditions of Consent in relation to lead.
When lead risk has been identified, an example Lead Management Plan can be developed by councils to assist the developers with the requirements of the conditions of consent.
Two Lead Management Plan scenarios are proposed in the EPA Lead Guide for Councils in Technical note 6.
Proper lead management can be encouraged by council through the development of guidelines for particular types of developments, such as Heritage properties and children's services.
As mentioned previously, heritage properties have inherent lead risks, and when guidelines for approval of heritage properties have been developed, council must ensure that they incorporate provisions relating to lead safety. In the same way as the NSW Dept of Public Works & Services (DPWS) has done for schools a maintenance, councils could require that only AS 4361 trained painters should be employed for heritage building renovation and maintenance.
Children are particularly at risk of lead poisoning, and it is essential that specific procedures be put in place by councils in order to:
Where Local Approval Policy has been developed, defining conditions that must be met in order to grant permission to erect a childcare centre, to approve modifications to a building to become a childcare centre, or to define orders that are applicable to children's services under Section 124 of the Local Government Act 1993, it is important that lead risk is considered. This might involve:
The Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 provides that, upon demand, a council shall issue a certificate spelling out the legal ground rules for development of any piece of land within the council area.
A number of prescribed matters are required to be listed by council in Section 149(2) certificates. This includes specific notations when restriction is placed on the land in relation to contaminated land (pursuant to section 59(2) of the Contaminated Land Management Act 1997): If the land is within an investigation area or remediation site, if it is subject to an investigation or remediation order, if the land is the subject of a voluntary investigation or if it is subject to a site audit statement.
Section 149(5) certificates provide for annotation if land has been remediated or investigated and found to be uncontaminated.
However, there is no provision for council to provide information to prospective buyers on the potential for indoor contamination.
It would be a useful initiative for councils to mention the necessity to consider indoor contamination when section 149 certificates are issued.
State Significant Developments
State significant developments need to comply at minimum with local development, which will include lead-safe conditions when they have been made part of council policy.
Lead risk is also present when the nature of the development does not require approval. When a DCP or standard conditions have been adopted by council, it is important that they stress that they also apply to developments exempt of consent, although they may be in that case more difficult to enforce.
Councils which have included provisions for exempt developments in their Local Environmental Plan have the opportunity to include requirements relating to lead risk assessment and when lead risk is present, council may require that lead-safe procedures be applied.
For councils that have not specifically provided for exempt developments, the SEPP No. 60 on Exempt and Complying development applies. There is no specific reference to lead safety in the Plan however it provides that an exempt development must not "create interference with the neighbourhood because it … creates fumes … dust …." (Part 2 Cl. b (iii)), inferring that lead fumes or dust should not interfere with neighbours.
For complying developments, councils or accredited certifiers must consider whether or not the development complies with any application and conditions imposed in an LEP/ DCP (EPA Act s. 85 A (3)), and thus would be required to comply with the lead-safe conditions if adopted as part of a DCP.
There is a considerable burden on council to ensure safety of use when a change of use of land is considered requiring rezoning.
Lead contamination may be an issue, in particular when the land borders lead work activities, and when residential use or use involving the presence of children is considered. Council has a duty to seek further information from the proponent and be satisfied that the land is suitable for the proposed used. If this is not the case, further investigation or remediation may be required, as provided by the Contaminated Land Management Act 1997 and the National Environment Protection (Assessment of Site Contamination) Measure 1999.
When planning control has failed to prevent lead contamination, council resort to its pollution control powers to prevent or remediate any occurrence of lead contamination.
The Protection of the Environment Operations Act (POEO Act), 1997, gives the local authority power to issue Prevention and Clean Up Notices.
Prevention notices (Part 4.3) can be issued when Council "reasonably suspects that an activity has been or is being carried on in an 'environmentally unsatisfactory manner'. The notice can be issued to the occupier of the premises concerned and/or to the person who is carrying on the activity. The prevention notice must be given in writing and must specify both the action that must be taken to ensure that the activity is carried on in an environmentally satisfactory manner, and the period within which the action must be taken. A minimum of 21 days must be given before the action has to be taken."
Clean up notices (Part 4.2) can be used to prevent contamination, including lead contamination. Such notices can be issued when Council "reasonably suspects that a ‘pollution incident’ has occurred or is occurring, or which occurrence is imminent."
The notice can be issued by the appropriate officer to the occupier of the premises or/and to the person who is reasonably suspected of causing, having caused, or is just about to cause a pollution incident.
Section 124 - 21 of the LG Act provides that councils may order a person to do or refrain from doing such things as are specified in the order to ensure that land is, or premises are, placed or kept in a safe or healthy condition".
Clearly an order to restrain from proceeding with activities such as renovation / demolition / maintenance presenting a lead hazard without observing the proper work practices, or an order to remove peeling lead paint with lead-safe procedures for such activities would fall into that category.
Prior to giving the order, council must give notice to the person of its intention to give the order, and specify the period of time and advise him/her of his/her rights to make a representation to the council (Section 132 LG Act)
Councils may develop a Local Order Policy to define orders applicable to children's services, allowing council to promptly rectify a situation where it is found that the children's service operators are neglecting lead-related health and safety issues.
In NSW, waste management is the primary responsibility of the waste generator and includes waste classification, ensuring the use of a licensed transporter where required and ensuring that the waste is taken to a suitable waste facility.
The legislation pertaining to waste management (Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Act 2001, Protection of the Environment Operations Act, 1997) is administered by the NSW Environment Protection Authority. The EPA has also developed "Environmental Guidelines: Assessment, Classification and Management of Liquid and Non-Liquid Wastes".
The EPA Lead Guide for Councils contains a "Technical Note 5" on Waste Management, including a flow chart for "Solid waste contaminated with lead".
Notwithstanding its lead content, non-liquid waste from domestic and educational premises, including lead paint waste or cavity dust waste, is classified as:
For lead contaminated solid waste originating from buildings or structures other than residential or educational premises, including factories, workshops, offices and shops, the disposal requirements are dependent upon the classification of the waste, according to the NSW Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997.
Liquid lead-contaminated waste, such as waste from wet abrasive blast cleaning or chemical stripping, is to be tested in order to determine its classification. In the EPA Lead Guide for Councils, the EPA’s advice for the management of that type of waste is, for the generator of the waste to "refer to the Waste Guidelines for the appropriate classification, handling and disposal. Depending on the quality, liquid waste may be discharged to the sewer with the prior approval of the local sewerage authority or council. Licensed liquid waste treatment facilities can also offer advice".
Where To Find It
Author / Source
|LEAD SAFETY FOR COUNCIL CONTROLLED ACTIVITIES AND ASSETS|
|EPA Lead Guide for Councils||Distributed by EPA (ph 131 555)||Lead Reference Centre and NSW EPA|
|Managing Urban Stormwater Pollution – Westfield Mt. Druitt||www.blacktown.nsw.gov.au/stormwater/science.html
No longer available
|Blacktown City Council|
|Booklet: Lead Hazard Management in Children's Services||NSW EPA (ph 131 555)||NSW Children’s Services Health and Safety Committee auspiced by AECA (NSW Branch)|
|Department of Housing – Policy REP0000: Lead Paint||www.housing.nsw.gov.au||NSW Department of Housing|
|LEAD SAFETY TRAINING SCHEMES, SERVICES AND PRODUCTS|
|Hiring a Lead-Safe Contractor AND Making Lead-Smart Contractors||CLP Tool Kit||The LEAD Group, Lead Aware Times Vol.1 No.1|
|Painting contractors AS 4361 training, in Sydney area, in NSW outside Sydney area, and in ACT||www.lead.org.au/clp/sydpaint.html||The LEAD Group|
|Materials and Environmental Investigations (including Lead Paint Management Services and Training)||CLP Tool Kit (in Step 1).||CTI Consultants|
|Lead Paint Management Services.||CLP
Tool Kit (in Step 1).
Phone (02) 9690 2599 or email firstname.lastname@example.org for multiple copies or down-load from www.lead.org.au/clp/products/JBSLeadPaintManagementServices.pdf
|JBS Environmental Services and Technologies|
|Enviro Check Company profile||CLP Tool Kit (in Step 1).||Enviro Check|
|Lead Paint Hazard Management for Contractors and Supervisors||CLP
Phone MPA NSW for info on venue and date of upcoming courses, on 02 9758 8877 or Free Call: 1800 4851 224 for callers outside Sydney
|Master Painters Australia (MPA)|
|APAS [Australian Paint Approval Scheme] and PCCP - Partners in Maximising Time To First Maintenance||CLP
Order multiple copies from PCCP on (03) 9248 4938. Go to www.apas.gov.au/pccp/index.htm for list of PCCP Class 5 (includes lead) accredited contractors by state
|Painting Contractor Certification Program (PCCP)|
|US Video: Lead: Treat it with Respect from Handling Hazardous Materials series||Order multiple copies from Future Media on (02) 9279 4499||Future Media Pty Ltd|
|Order form for informative video: Lead - Treat It With Respect||CLP
Tool Kit Order multiple copies from Future Media on
(02) 9279 4499
|Future Media Pty Ltd|
|EMPLOYING LEAD-SAFE CONTRACTORS, COMPLYING WITH LEAD-SAFE PROCEDURES|
|Painting contractors with AS 4361 training, in Sydney area, in NSW outside Sydney area, and in ACT||www.lead.org.au/clp/sydpaint.html||The LEAD Group|
|Lead Dust Removal (flyer)||CLP
For multiple copies contact Demand Insulation on 1800 678 261
|Australian Dust Removalists Association (ADRA)|
|Code of Practice For Ceiling Dust Removal||CLP
For multiple copies contact Demand Insulation on 1800 678 261
|Australian Dust Removalists Association (ADRA)|
News on Stormwater
Lead Acid Batteries - the New Stormwater Issue?
|www.lead.org.au/lanv6n3/lan6n3-9.html||Ted Floyd with source list by Elizabeth O’Brien|
|LEAD SAFETY OF COUNCIL WORKERS|
|Occupational Health and Safety Act, 2000 and Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, 2001||NSW Legislation||Administered by WorkCover NSW|
|National Standard for the Control of Inorganic Lead at Work [NOHSC:1012(1994]||www.ascc.gov.au/NR/rdonlyres/31042763-B7ED-4F51-B95D-
|The Australian Safety and Compensation Council|
|WorkCover Advice for Ceiling dust Removalists||www.lead.org.au/lanv7n2/L72-6.html||WorkCover NSW LEAD Action News Vol 7 No. 2|
|AS 2601 (1991) - Demolition of Structures||www.standards.com.au||Standards
|AS 4361.1 (1995), Guide to Lead Paint Management - Part 1: Industrial Applications||www.standards.com.au||Standards
|AS 4361.2 (1998) - Guide to Lead Paint Management - Part 2: Residential and Commercial Buildings||www.standards.com.au||Standards
|The Six Step Guide to Painting your Home (3rd Edition) - Lead Alert||CLP Tool Kit||Environment Australia|
|HERITAGE AND LEAD|
|Lead paint in heritage houses - Case Study||www.lead.org.au/clp/racs.html||Robert Aurisch|
|ALTERNATIVES TO LEAD PRODUCTS|
Including lead free solder, cables, plastic electrical and duct tape, flashing
|The LEAD Group|
|Lead Free No Risk - Nitto Denko Now Lead Free Plastic Electrical and Duct Tape||CLP
For multiple copies ph Nitto Denko on (03)97993100 or down-load from www.lead.org.au/clp/products/NittoDenkoflyer.pdf
|Computer recycling||www.technicalaid.org.au||Technical Aid to the Disabled|
|REGULATORY AND PLANNING TOOLS FOR A LEAD ACTION PLAN|
Lead Guide for Councils
Regulatory tools and planning tools, section 1, management tools for lead hazards
|NSW EPA||Lead Reference Centre and NSW EPA|
|The Handbook on the New Environment Protection Legislation relates to the Contaminated Land Management Act 1997 and the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997.||www.epa.nsw.gov.au/legal/handbook.htm||NSW EPA, NSW Parliament|
|Gas works and Soil Contamination - a case study||http://www.lead.org.au/clp/cs2.html||The LEAD Group|
|State Environmental Planning Policy (SEPP) 55||Planning NSW||Planning NSW|
|Managing Land Contamination Guidelines||www.epa.nsw.gov.au||NSW EPA|
|Management of Land Contamination Act 1997||EPA Lead Guide for Councils in Technical note 6||Administered by NSW EPA|
|Lead Management Plans scenarios||EPA Lead Guide for Councils||Lead Reference Centre and NSW EPA|
|Technical Note No.5 on Waste Management, including a flow chart for "Solid waste contaminated with lead"||EPA Lead Guide for Councils www.epa.nsw.gov.au||Lead Reference Centre and NSW EPA|
|Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Act, 2001||www.epa.nsw.gov.au/waste/warra.htm||Administered by NSW EPA|
|Protection of the Environment Operations Act, 1997||www.epa.nsw.gov.au/legal/aboutpoeo.htm
The EPA has established the POEO Service Centre to answer questions about administrative and licensing procedures relating to the requirements of the POEO Act. Licensees should phone 133 372 (8.30am-5.00pm Mon to Fri), fax (02) 9995 5921, or email POEOhelp@epa.nsw.gov.au
|Administered by NSW EPA|
|Local Government Act, 1993||http://www.dlg.nsw.gov.au/dlg/dlghome/documents/Regulations/infopaper3.pdf||Administered by the NSW Dept of Local Government|
|SAMPLE / PRO FORMA ORDERS AND POLICY|
|Guide to Notices under the POEO Act 1997, including proforma clean up and prevention notices||http://www.epa.nsw.gov.au/mao/notices.pdf||NSW EPA|
|Standard lead-safe demolition condition||www.lead.org.au/lat/lat004.html||Leichhardt
Lead Aware Times Vol 1 No.1
|Sample development plan: contaminated land management, Leichhardt DCP No.42||Phone Leichhardt Municipal Council on (02) 9367 9222||Leichhardt Municipal Council|
|EPA Example DCP on lead||EPA
Lead Guide for Councils
NSW EPA(131 555)
|Lead Reference Centre and NSW EPA|
|City of Broken Hill Development Control Plan No.11 Management of Lead Contamination||Sample
Lead DCP, August 2000
City of Broken Hill Tel.(08) 8080 2270)
|City of Broken Hill|
|Contents Introduction STEP 1: Assessment STEP 2: Action STEP 3: Awareness PART 2 Top Disclaimer|
system lead poisoning |
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Last Updated 17 May 2012