7 no 1, 1999
International Lead Management Center
Reducing the Risk of Lead Exposure
"AN INDUSTRY COMMITMENT TO COOPERATION"
OECD Declaration Historical Perspective:
In February 1996 the Environment Ministers of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) issued a Declaration on Lead Risk Reduction seeking to voluntarily develop and strengthen national and cooperative efforts considered necessary to reduce risks from exposure to lead.
The goals of the Declaration include efforts to:
The Declaration proposed the extension of international cooperative efforts, but recognized the differing needs and priorities of member and non-member countries and called for flexible national risk reduction strategies and time frames. It promotes sustainable development and improvements in recycling of waste materials through viable collection systems and recycling programs. It also provides for information exchanges about exposures of concern, risk reduction options and environmentally sound and economically viable solutions.
The Declaration also initiated a process, which would continue to review lead levels in the environment and exposure to lead for sensitive populations such as workers and children in order to evaluate the effectiveness of action programs.
Industry Response - The International Lead Management Center:
The International lead industry recognizes that exposure to lead can result in risk to human
health and the environment and in this context was invited to share their experience in the sound management and prudent use of products containing lead. To address the needs of OECD and non-OECD countries, the international lead industry proposed to undertake a voluntary risk reduction action program. Execution of this voluntary initiative was placed under the auspices of the International Lead Management Center (ILMC). ILMC, upon invitation from a national government assists in the identification, planning and implementation of appropriate lead risk reduction measures as multi-stakeholder consultative programs with all parties committed to reduce lead exposure.
Sector based voluntary risk reduction initiatives involve ILMC and representative industry associations in the preparation and collation of materials designed to keep each sector aware of the latest advances in risk reduction technologies.
In addition the Center would prepare information, provide data bases and make expertise available to:
The International Lead Management Center Organization:
The International Lead Management Center is located in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA and was established July 1996 by the following major mining and lead producing corporations:
The Policy Advisory Group (PAG) is a non-industry body of seven independent experts with international experience and expertise in lead mining, smelting, refining and recycling, occupational and public health, risk reduction programs and technology transfer. The PAG will ensure that ILMC activities are consistent with the needs of the international community and provides:
Dr. Craig Boreiko is the Executive Director, Brian Wilson, the Program Manager and Anita Wright supplies administrative support.
The membership of ILMC possesses considerable experience in a variety of risk management areas and making this expertise available to address technical inquiries or to actively participate in risk reduction efforts is one of the important coordinating functions.
The ILMC Principles:
ILMC maintains certain principles in all its activities:
The ILMC Sector Action:
ILMC is currently working with the OECD and the United Nations Environment Program, Industry and the Environment (UNEP-IE) to phase out leaded gasoline.
A partnership between the International Crystal Federation (ICF), ILMC and Rutgers University is preparing lead risk reduction material for the ceramics and crystal glassware industry.
Industrial emissions, waste management issues and recycling are being undertaken in cooperation with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in partnership with local secondary lead plants.
Environmental concerns associated with sporting activities are being appraised by ILMC in the preparation of a "Code of Practice" for the US National Sports Shooting Federation.
The ILMC and the Phase Out of Leaded Gasoline:
Many countries are attempting to establish an adequate public health policy to reduce the use of lead-containing additives in automotive fuels. ILMC participated in consultations convened by UNEP and OECD and as a consequence ILMC is establishing a clearing-house on information pertaining to lead in gasoline.
This function requires the preparation of an annotated bibliography as a guide for countries formulating public health policy on this issue. It also includes the development of a variety of information packages, including databases
Finally, ILMC will help to establish a library of successful case histories to extend the knowledge base for the International community.
You can find the ILMC at http://www.ilmc.org/about.html
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Updated 12 December 2014