LEAD Action News

LEAD Action News Vol 3 no 3 Winter 1995 ISSN 1324-6011
Incorporating Lead Aware Times ( ISSN 1440-4966) and Lead Advisory Service News ( ISSN 1440-0561)
The journal of The LEAD (Lead Education and Abatement Design) Group Inc.

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US Responses to Leaded Soil

United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) Recommended Response Activities for Lead Contaminated Bare Soil:

1994 interim soil guidelines on lead for:

1. Areas expected to be used by children, ie

  • residential backyards \
  • daycare/school yards
  • playgrounds, parks
  • other areas where children gather

 

 

Bare Soil Lead Concentration

Recommended Response Activities

400-5000 ppm Interim controls to change use patterns and establish barriers between children and contaminated soil including:
  • planting ground cover or shrubbery to reduce exposure to bare soil,
  • moving play equipment away from contaminated bare soil
  • restricting access through posting, fencing, or other actions, and
  • controlling further contamination of the area.
    Monitor condition of controls.

Public notice of contaminated common areas by local agency

Abatement of soil, including removal and replacement of contaminated soil and permanent barriers.

Public notice of contaminated common areas by local agency

 

 

 

 

above 5000 ppm

 

2. Areas where contact by children is less likely or infrequent

Bare Soil Lead Concentration

Recommended Response Activities

2000-5000 ppm Interim controls to change use patterns and establish barriers between children and contaminated soil including:
  • planting ground cover or shrubbery to reduce exposure to bare soil,
  • moving play equipment away from contaminated bare soil
  • restricting access through posting, fencing, or other actions, and
  • controlling further contamination of the area

Monitor condition of controls.

Public notice of contaminated common areas by local agency.

Abatement of soil, including removal and replacement of contaminated soil and permanent barriers.

Public notice of contaminated common areas by local agency.

 

 

 

above 5000 ppm

 

 

 

 

 

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Last Updated 16 November 2012
Copyright The LEAD Group Inc. 1991 - 2012
PO Box 161 Summer Hill NSW 2130 Australia
Phone: +61 2 9716 0014