QUESTION: I would be happy to give you my report and to also write a letter to the health minister (after exams)

22 Oct 2007

WA, Australia

Hi

I spoke to elise today (Mon 22th Oct 2007)

My name is Michael, Im a student at UWA... It was for my report on Lead

effects on children...

She said she was going to email me some information for my report

I would be happy to give you my report (when I finished - it wont be that

good) and to also write a letter to the health minister to you (after exams)

Thanks

I think I may have given you the wrong email

farami09@gmail.com

Michael

ANSWER: 05 Jun 2009

I would be happy to give you my report and to also write a letter to the health minister (after exams)

Hi Michael,

I trust that you did better than you expected with your report on Lead's

effects on children (what with all the great references we emailed you), and

I'm wondering if you could email it to us? Did you by any chance write to

your health minister? If you could forward that to us, and any reply you

received, I'm sure it would be most interesting reading and we might even

publish these items on our website.

Kind regards

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

QUESTION: Would New Zealand's manufacturer of lead paint test kits be interested in selling our DIY-sampling kits?

05 Oct 2007

New Zealand, New Zealand

I have recently found your website and have been impressed,

because we both work in the same area.

I am New Zealand's manufacturer of lead paint test kits which I have been

doing for the last fifteen years. I spend some time educating people, the

public and paint professionals in the danger of lead paint.

I was interested that Australia is importing lead paint test kits. Because I

am in this business I feel that it would be good to make contact. As it

happens, I will be in Sydney from the 7th November until the following

Monday.

If this is of interest we may be able to get together.

Bill Irvine

ANSWER: 05 Jun 2009

Would New Zealand's manufacturer of lead paint test kits be interested in selling our DIY-sampling kits?

Dear Bill,

my sincere apologies that I did not read your email (below) until now.

I have just tonight sent the following request to our webmaster:

Could you please include the new email address bill.irvine@clear.net.nz and

the following blurb on our products page for http://www.test4lead.com:

"Test4Lead manufacture and supply to paint stores throughout New Zealand,

lead paint test kits so a painter can find out if a paint surface has lead

content. A sample of paint is obtained by making a slanted cut across the

paint surface so each layer of paint is exposed. A drop of 5% sodium

sulphide solution is applied. If there is lead in the paint layer, it will

turn black. This kind of test should be used by experienced professionals

who take proper care of the kits and use a magnifying glass to ensure the

result is correct."

I wonder whether you might be interested in setting up our type of kits in

New Zealand? We sell DIY-Sampling kits - I'll send you an Info pack which

talks about them - through which the purchaser collects samples and posts

them to a Sydney lab. The lab emails us the result which we forward to the

purchaser. Do you think there could be a market for such a kit in New

Zealand and do you have a relationship already with any lab (our lab gives

us a Charity rate because we are a charity) and would you be interested in

the idea? We'd be happy to give you all the written components of the kit,

especially if you could make an occasional donation to our Fund if you are

successful in making a profit out of kit sales.

I look forward to hearing from you (though I'm going away on holidays all

next week) and again apologise for the delay in replying to you and missing

the opportunity to meet with you.

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

QUESTION: I am a geologist and work in a zinc copper mine with some lead and I am currently 11 weeks pregnant. Should I be removed from my work enviornment? How can I test the amount of lead in the dust in my office?

19 Oct 2007

Queensland, Australia

Hi,

I am a geologist and work in a zinc copper mine with some lead. I am

currently 11 weeks pregnant and my employer has asked me to do some web

invistigation on the effects of lead in kids. I haven't explored your site

yet but I'm assuming I will find a fair bit of information. My last lead

readings were 0.21?? and 4?? I have had my lead levels recorded over the

past 2.5 years of working with the company. Do you have a list of levels of

which I should be removed from my work enviornment? Is there a way I can

test the amount of lead in the dust in my office?

Cheers

Kim

ANSWER: 09 Jun 2009

I am a geologist and work in a zinc copper mine with some lead and I am currently 11 weeks pregnant. Should I be removed from my work enviornment? How can I test the amount of lead in the dust in my office?

Dear Jamuna Kim,

First of all, we apologize deeply for the massive delay in response to your

question. We should've responded as soon as we got your email but we had a

serious lack of staff who answer all the incoming email. I hope you and your

baby are in best health and I wonder if you are still working in the same

place? If you are and you are still worried about lead contamination you

might like to look, on our home page, at the do it yourself lead safe test

kits. You can use the kit to measure the lead in the dust at your office.

Regarding the lead levels that you mentioned, I do not think that they are

of concern. I would suggest though that you follow up with your blood lead

level, just to check if you are exposed to any serious contamination.

Regards,

Iman Hegazi

MBBS, MD. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Volunteer

QUESTION: Do you know if lead is used in the process to dye leather in Australia?

05 Oct 2007

NSW, Australia

I would like to order the Basic DIY Lead testing kit.

Also, I would like to ask a question. Do you know if lead is used in the process to dye leather in Australia?

Regards,

E. Anne Rennie

ANSWER: 09 Jun 2009

Do you know if lead is used in the process to dye leather in Australia?

Dear Elizabeth,

We deeply apologize for the tremendous delay in response to your question. We had a lack of staff who answer all the incoming email. Regarding your question if lead is used in the process to dye leather in Australia, I have searched and found that lead dyes are composed of a pigment, a resin which may be casein or nitrocellulose, and a solvent.Which probably means that lead is not included in leather dyes. There has been reports though on the health effects in the industry of leather tanning, although not related to lead. Please review this article: http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-31341114_ITM

If you are still interested in purchasing the Basic DIY Lead testing kit please let us know.

Regards,

Iman Hegazi

MBBS, MD. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Volunteer

QUESTION: Do you have any data on waste incinerator pollutions?

30 Oct 2007

England, United Kingdom

We are being threatened with the siting of a 220,000 tonne p.a. waste disposal incinerator nearby. We are very concerned about the hazards of municipal incinerators with regard to PM2.5 emissions etc. I have read and passed to my colleagues your excellent report on wood burning stoves and PM2.5 pollution - quite alarming, actually. Do you have any data on waste incinerator pollutions please?

Regards,

Clive

ANSWER: 22 Jun 2009

Do you have any data on waste incinerator pollutions?

Dear Clive,

We would like to apologize for the tremendous delay in response to your question. We have had a lack of staff who answer the incoming email.

You have the right to be concerned about the hazards of municipal incinerators as tons of pollutants are released into our atmosphere from incineration. Below you will find links with information regarding incinerator pollution. I hope you find them useful.

http://www.bredl.org/pdf2/Montenay-TV_factsheet.pdf

http://www.chem.unep.ch/pops/POPs_Inc/press_releases/pressrel-2k/pr08.htm

http://uk.geocities.com/tim_decenter2/incin/pollution_sources.html

Again, sorry for the delay,

Regards,

Iman Hegazi

MBBS, MD. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Volunteer

QUESTION: When will pet products receive lead content tests?

05 Oct 2007

Indiana, USA

544K items recalled for lead, which came from China, for products

aimed at

human consumers. When will the investigation shift to products sold for

animals? I cannot find pet toys on store shelves from any country other

than

China. I know that the lead safety standard for pets is likely to be

different

than the standard for humans, but humans handle pet toys. Humans must also

deal

with the health consequences of the items and substances that their pets are

exposed to.

When will pet products receive lead content tests?

ANSWER: 23 Jun 2009

When will pet products receive lead content tests?

Dear Len,

We deeply apologize for the tremendous delay in response to your question.

We have had a lack of staff who answer the incoming email and we've just

recently started replying to all the messages in our inbox. You are

absolutely right regarding pets toys and lack of research. I believe there

should be regulations regarding lead content in pets' toys, as there is for

children's toys, for the sake of the pets and the human beings. Although the

CPSIA lowered the amount of lead that can be in children's products, I do

not think they included pets' toys which children often handle. Check this

site for more detail:

http://www.cpsc.gov/ABOUT/Cpsia/sect101.html

I have also attached an article about lead in pets' toys that I hope you

find interesting.

Again, sorry for the delay.

Regards,

Iman Hegazi

MBBS, MD. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Volunteer

QUESTION: Do you have information about the safety of lead in children's toy?

01 Oct 2007

NSW, Australia

On tonights channel 7 news 1/10/2007 there was a story about lead

in toys and I am querying this as I have bought a "World 4 Kids Hammer Peg

Set" that was shown on the story. Do you have information about the safety

of this toy?

Thanking you

Rachel

ANSWER: 23 Jun 2009

Do you have information about the safety of lead in children's toy?

Dear Rachel,

We deeply apologize for the tremendous delay in response to your question.

We have had a lack of staff who answer all the incoming email and we've just

recently started answering the ones we have in our inbox.

Unfortunately, many children's toys that are on the market do have a high

lead content and we have tested some of them ourselves here using an Xray

machine called the XRF niton analyser, designed to detect heavy metals, and

found very high contents.

The good news though is that The Consumer Affairs Minister of Australia

declared a new safety standard that limits lead and heavy metals in children's

toys. The new standard will take effect January 1, 2010, and will replace

the current temporary Trade Practices Act ban on lead in toys that was

implemented in September 2007.

You can read more about it here:

http://www.bureauveritas.com/wps/wcm/connect/bv_com/group/home/about-us/our-business/our-business-consumer-products/regulatory_bulletins/toys_australia_lead/?presentationtemplate=bv_master/CPS_full_story_presentation

Again, sorry for the delay,

Regards,

Iman Hegazi

MBBS, MD. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Volunteer

Ph +61 2 9716 0132

QUESTION: Contacting the designer / maker / supplier of the Green Machine for lead recycling from shooting ranges

20 Nov 2007

United Kingdom, United Kingdom

Hi, I am interested in the article about Leadex's lead shot

recycler "Green Machine", is this a joke as I can't find it anywhere. Can

you send me some information on this please, I am interested in purchasing

one.

Regards

Wai

ANSWER: 20 Nov 2007

Contacting the designer / maker / supplier of the Green Machine for lead recycling from shooting ranges

Dear Wai,

the Green Machine is available from Errol McClelland at

errol@lightmyfire.com.au or phone +61 3 5439 5896, or mobile + 61 4 2939

6939 or write to Errol at:

Leadex Australia Pty Ltd, trading as Fire Steel

PO Box 999

Strathfieldsaye

Victoria 3551

Australia

Please let me know if you have any further difficulty in contacting the

designer / maker / supplier of the Green Machine.

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

QUESTION: Could a lead-sheathed aerator immersed in wine for 15 minutes deliver lead to the wine?

01 Nov 2007

USA, USA

I just have a question...

My boyfriend makes wine, and during part of the cooling process, he needs to

aerate it. To do this, he uses an aquarium-like aerator with a strip of

lead wrapped around it to help it sink. This kind of troubled me, but he

said that they use it in aquariums, and it doesn't hurt the fish. Plus, it

is only in contact with the wine (5 gallons) for about 15 minutes, so he

wasn't worried about it. Could this be a problem?

ANSWER: 01 Nov 2007

Could a lead-sheathed aerator immersed in wine for 15 minutes deliver lead to the wine?

Dear Kristina,

The simple answer to your question is yes, a lead-sheathed aerator immersed

in 5 gallons of wine for 15 minutes COULD add lead to the wine. Then the

question arises: how much lead could be added to the wine? The answer to

that depends on how oxidised the lead is before it goes in (does it have a

whitish surface or is it grey and non-oxidised?), the alcohol content of the

wine (the lower the alcohol content the less leaching will occur) and the

temperature of the wine (the cooler the wine the less leaching will occur).

In other words, if you test the wine, you can find out the answers to these

further questions in order to answer the ultimate question as to whether the

lead content of the wine is a problem.

Laboratory lead analysis of the wine is a good investment and the result can

be compared to food and beverage standards.

However, even if the result does not exceed the standard, "no lead is good

lead" so it would be smarter to use a non-leaded aerator.

Another way in which it may be possible to guage the size of the problem is

for the person who drinks the most wine to ask the doctor for a blood lead

test. I'll send you an Info Pack explaining why it is unacceptably

problematic if the blood lead result is above 2 micrograms per decilitre.

The aim is to have a blood lead level of zero though in this world that has

never happened, so the best you can do is to eliminate known and removable

sources of lead.

It usually comes down to cost. What people forget to weigh up are the

benefits of eliminating lead where possible eg better brain function and

longer life. People often make their own wine for health reasons and so they

can control the additives so it seems paradoxical to allow a known toxic

heavy metal to get into the wine.

I trust that your boyfriend knows not to make his wine in leaded ceramic

containers such as baths. He may be interested to read: "Lead Poisoning from

Homemade Wine: A Case Study" at

http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/members/2001/109p433-435mangas/mangas.pdf - despite

the incredibly high blood lead level of 98 micrograms per decilitre, the

wine-maker's doctors did not diagnose his lead poisoning for two years. This

is because doctors typically don't test for lead (unless you request it) and

the symptoms of lead poisoning are easily assigned to other possible causes.

In other words, it is folly to say, "I don't need a blood lead test because

I have no symptoms of lead poisoning."

All the best with measuring the extent of the problem. I'd be very

interested to hear any results obtained.

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

QUESTION: What is recommended once you know you have lead water pipes?

15 Nov 2007

England, United Kingdom

I have sent this email to Anna Priest, whose article you published re homeopathic treatment of lead poisoning, but unfortunately the email address you gave is out of date. Does anyone know her address to either give me or to forward this to? Or maybe you will find this of interst in any case.

Many thanks,

Thinley Chodron

Dear Anna,

I have recently started a raw food diet and am taking Nature's Living Superfood. I was checking out other supplements when I found your endorsement of AFA Live on the E3 website and read that you are interested in its effects for heavy metal removal.

Typing your name into my search engine, I also note that you are interested in lead poisoning (you were referring in the article to homeopathic treatment).

By strange coincidence, I have recently discovered that our rented house in the uk has lead water pipes. I have been living here for 8 years with my son who is now 16 yrs old. Obviously I am worried about poisoning. He has been experiencing unexplained exhaustion for some time and his doctor has found no cause.

We have not yet been tested and are awaiting a visit from environmental health to assess the house.

Because of this rather unexpected link, I am driven to write to you.

Do you think that AFA Live will help with lead poisoning?

Otherwise, homeopathic treatment may be worth persuing. I read that chelation treatment has negative side effects and so would rather not take a medical route except for initial tests.

I hope you can advise me.

Love and light,

Thinley

ANSWER: 15 Nov 2007

What is recommended once you know you have lead water pipes?

Dear Thinley,

I am copying this email to Anna Priest and I hope Anna will be able to respond to you directly (with a copy to me for web-publication in our Q&A section), with her answers to your queries.

It is quite unorthodox, dare I say unprofessional, for a doctor NOT to test your blood lead levels if you have told him/her that you have lead water pipes. A proper home lead assessment costs hundreds of pounds and is usually therefore done in RESPONSE to an elevated blood lead level in one or more of the residents. If the doctor doesn't test for lead in the blood, how will the environmental health staff justify that expenditure?

If the environmental health staff only intend to test for lead in the drinking water, then it is not a full home lead assessment. Presumably a home old enough to have lead pipes will also have lead paint and thus the usual soil and dust contamination that arises when lead paint flakes off or is dry-sanded or scraped prior to repainting.

Knowing how high the blood lead levels are, tells everyone how high to jump to locate the sources of the lead (it is rare to have only one source of lead) and to spend money on removing the sources or moving yourselves out.

After the critical first step of identification and removal of lead sources, all other interventions are similarly dictated by how high the blood lead levels are. If anyone's blood lead level is above 3.4 micromoles per litre (オmol/L) (which is equivalent to 70 micrograms per decilitre (オg/dL )) then you would be unwise to refuse chelation treatment. If a child's blood lead level is above 2.2 オmol/L (45 オg/dL ), similarly, it would be folly to refuse chelation treatment. Some doctors believe in the usefulness of chelation treatment at MUCH lower levels than this so we make the recommendation that you find a doctor you trust and follow their suggested interventions.

At any blood lead level above zero, but especially if the blood lead level is above 0.1 オmol/L (2 オg/dL ), we also recommend nutritional intervention. I will therefore also email you our:

Info Pack 23 - Nutrition to fight lead poisoning; and

Info Pack 56 - Dangers of a blood lead level above 2 オg/dL

I would be very interested to hear back from you once you have your blood lead results.

All the best

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

QUESTION: The LEAD Group's DIY kit allows you to sample paint & water for laboratoy analysis for lead

28 Nov 2007

NSW, Australia

I am now in a house that has deteriorating painted tin roof (

painted 30 years ago or more) and this is connected to our rain water tanks.

How can I test for possible lead paint on the roof itself and also test for

lead in our drinking water?

ANSWER: 28 Nov 2007

The LEAD Group's DIY kit allows you to sample paint & water for laboratoy analysis for lead

Dear Mitchell,

Please find information about The LEAD Group's DIY sampling kit which allows

you to post both water and paint samples to a lab in Sydney for lead

analysis, by going to

http://www.lead.org.au/clp/products/Do-It-Yourself-Lead-Safe-Test-Kits-20070526.html

You would receive the results by email from us. Please phone or email your

credit card details if you would like to buy either the $80 2-sample kit or

the $220 8-sample kit and I will post you the sampling equipment and

instructions today.

Cheers

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

President, The LEAD Group Inc.

QUESTION: I am a regular pistol shooter. How much of a risk is transferring the Firearm Lead to my family?

25 Nov 2007

California, USA

Hello, My wife is 4 months pregnant. I have been a regular pistol

shooter for the past 4 months, It is work related. My pregnant wife handles

my clothing often after a day of shooting. How much of a risk is

transferring the Firearm Lead to our unborn baby??

Any Help would be appreciated

Sincerely

ANSWER: 25 May 2009

I am a regular pistol shooter. How much of a risk is transferring the Firearm Lead to my family?

Dear Victor,

I apologize deeply for the delay in response to your question. I hope that

your wife and baby are both in good health. Although my answer is late and I

hope that lead did not affect your baby or wife, I would like to advise you

to be careful with your clothes because children are quite vulnerable and

your wife is probably breast feeding and that could be hazardous to her as

well. I am a little surprised that the clothes are not washed at the

workplace. My best advice for you is to use a set of clothes at the

workplace, where they will be washed, then shower at work and return home

with seperate ones because lead can contaminate the rest of the washing if

they are placed in the same washing machine. At the same time, if your wife

handles the clothes, she can be contaminated and that may cause lead to rise

in her milk which will be further transferred to the baby. If it is

impossible to wash clothes at the workplace, then the best thing is to wash

it separately then clean the machine with a gush of water afterwards. You

have to make sure that your wife is wearing disposable gloves while handling

the clothes. I know it sounds complicated but lead is very hazardous to

young children because that is that stage when their brains continue to

develop. It has many nasty effects on adults as well. Regarding previous

exposure, it is best to measure the blood lead level in the whole family,

just to rule out high levels which may need treatment.

I will be sending you another e-mail with an info pack on hazards of

shooting and lead exposure and precations you can resort to.

Regards,

Iman Hegazi

MBBS, MD. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Volunteer

QUESTION: Could lead cause the body immune system to break down and bring rheumatoid arthritis on?

30 Nov 2007

Victoria, Australia

could lead cause the body immune system to break down and bring

r/arthritis on;

ANSWER: 25 May 2009

Could lead cause the body immune system to break down and bring rheumatoid arthritis on?

Dear John,

First of all I apologize deeply for the delay in respose to your question.

We have had, for a while, a lack of staff who answer the incoming e-mail.

Regarding your question and the effect of lead poisoning on the immune

system, I have searched widely and could not find any data to confirm that.

One of the most reliable sites is that of the Agency for toxic substances

and disease registry, to which I have added its link below. Although I did

not find a direct link between lead and rheumatoid arthritis, it is

important to acknowledge that long-term exposure of adults to lead can

result in decreased performance in some tests that measure functions of the

nervous system. It may also cause weakness in fingers, wrists, or ankles and

these symptoms may be misdiagnosed as arthritis.

http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/tfacts13.html#bookmark05

Again, sorry for the delay,

Regards,

Iman Hegazi

MBBS, MD. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Volunteer

QUESTION: Are you aware of any researcher interested in bone & tooth lead results from the father of retarded children?

24 Nov 2007

Massachusetts, USA

Dear Madam or Sir:

I am writing on behalf of my aunt, Mrs. Margaret Riva.

All of my cousins were born in the 1930s and were moderately mentally

retarded. At that time, my late uncle was working as a plumber. Suffice it

to say, no OSHA regulations regarding job-related lead exposure were in

place, and my uncle was likely exposed to significant levels of lead on or

about the time of his children's conception.

My Aunt denies exposure to lead over and above that which anyone living in

the age lead piping and paint would have been exposed to. The fact that she

had no no miscarriages, and that all of my cousins were carried to term and

normal birth weight strongly support her story.

On or about the time of the birth of her second child, my cousin Carol

(1937), my aunt reports that my uncle had a gastrointestinal illness that at

the time was diaganosed as either Peptic Ulcer Disease or viral. He was

placed on a milk and cream and the condition resolved in a few weeks.

In retrospect, my uncle's symptoms are suggestive of lead colic. The fact

that it was self-limiting would tend to suggest that it was not PUD. In

fact, the calcium-rich 'milk' diet on which he was placed may very well have

chealated the lead from his system.

For decades, it has my aunt's belief that her childrens' retardation was

caused by my uncle's exposure to lead.

My uncle passed away three yeras ago, my aunt obtained bone and tooth

samples. We had them tested, and they demonstrated elevated lead levels.

Are you aware of any researcher who would be interested in obtaining this

data

Very truly yours,

Paul

ANSWER: 25 May 2009

Are you aware of any researcher interested in bone & tooth lead results from the father of retarded children?

Dear Paul,

I apologize deeply for the delay in response to your question. We did not

have enough volunteers to answer queries at the time.

There are a couple of researchers I can think of immediately, in North

America, who could be VERY interested in the lead results of the samples if

you have not already found someone.

They are:

1. Prof David Chettle, Program Director for Health and Medical Physics,

Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, 1280 Main St West

Hamilton ON L8S 4L7, Canada, PH 9055259140 ext 27340 FAX: 9055461252 EMAIL:

chettle@mcmail.cis.mcmaster.ca; chettle@mcmaster.ca WEB:

www.physics.mcmaster.ca/research/HRM/HRMed.html;

www.physics.mcmaster.ca/people/faculty/Chettle_DR_h.html

2. Dr Howard Hu, Channing Laboratory, Harvard University, Boston, Maryland,

PH 6175252736 FAX: 6175250362 EMAIL: howard.hu@channing.harvard.edu

As a point of interest, "treating" lead exposure by providing free milk to

lead workers is now outdated except in the most backward occupational

settings. The milk apparently fills the gut and although it provides some

calcium, it limits the person's desire to eat solid nutritious foods which

are essential for the other nutrients which either chelate lead, eg vitamin

C, or which ensure adequate iron, zinc or calcium such that the body is less

likely to absorb lead (which the body mistakes for iron, zinc and calcium).

I'd be very keen to hear back from you on your progress in sorting out this

mystery.

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

QUESTION: Is there any regulation about total lead content on toys or on consumer products in Australia and New Zealand?

25 May 2009

Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Is there any regulation about total lead content on toys or on

consumer products in Australia and New Zealand?

If yes, what is the limit? And where can I found such kind of information?

Thanks!

ANSWER: 25 May 2009

Is there any regulation about total lead content on toys or on consumer products in Australia and New Zealand?

Dear Sarah,

I apologize deeply for the delay in response to your question. We did not

have enough volunteers to answer queries at the time.

Some leaded consumer products have been banned eg lead-wicked candles and

toy lead soldiers, and there are some import regulations limiting the lead

content of, for instance, ceramicware and money boxes, but generally

speaking, there are very few regulations limiting lead in consumer products.

Please find attached: "LEAD EXTRACTS FROM Customs (Prohibited Imports)

Regulations 1956 Statutory Rules 1956 No. 90 as amended made under the

Customs Act 1901. This compilation was prepared on 6 December 2005 taking

into account amendments up to SLI 2005 No. 279" EXTRACTED FROM

www.comlaw.gov.au/ComLaw/Legislation/LegislativeInstrumentCompilation1.nsf/0/88381A6DE2FD6F22CA2570CE007C825A/$file/CustomsProhImport1956_WD02.doc

The New Zealand Customs and Excise Regulations can be found at

http://www.legislation.govt.nz/regulation/public/1996/0232/latest/DLM220031.html

In relation to toys, since you wrote, there has been an announcement in

Australia that as of 1st January 2010, all toy manufacturers, importers and

retailers will need to ensure that their toys comply with the Toxicological

Requirements of the Australia New Zealand Toy Standard. See the attached

"Lead in Children toys - in Toy and Nursery update - Product Safety Bulletin

March 2009".

Currently in Australia there is a ban on lead in toys which means that for

the rest of this year (2009), toys sold in Australia must comply with the

Toy Standard in relation to lead only, ie have no more than 90 mg/kg

leachable lead content.

I had the same difficulty as you have had in finding the answer to your

question in relation to New Zealand toys so I emailed the government there

and received the following answer.

I hope this helps and again apologise for the delay in replying.

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

ANSWER FROM NEW ZEALAND GOVERNMENT

From: "Gerry Boyns" <Gerry.Boyns@comcom.govt.nz>

To: The LEAD Group

Sent: Monday, March 30, 2009 1:51 PM

Subject: RE: What mandatory heavy metal limits, if any, apply to toys sold

in New Zealand?

Dear Ms O'Brien

We have received your email correspondence. The Commission enforces the

Commerce and Fair Trading Acts, which promote competition and fair

trading in New Zealand Markets. We also enforce the Credit Contracts and

Consumer Finance Act, which regulates the provision of credit to

consumers. In addition, we enforce product safety and consumer

information standards and have a regulatory role in the dairy,

electricity and telecommunications markets.

There are a number of Unsafe Goods Notices currently which the Commerce

Commission is responsible for enforcing. You can view the current list

on our website or the Consumer Affairs website below:

http://www.comcom.govt.nz/FairTrading/ProductSafetyStandards/forunsafego

odsnotices.aspx

http://www.consumeraffairs.govt.nz/productsafety/currentbans.html#Lead

You should be able to purchase a copy of the Australian/New Zealand

Standard AS/NZS ISO 8124.3:2003 entitled 'Safety of toys, Part 3:

Migration of certain elements' from Standards New Zealand 0800 735 656

www.standards.co.nz or check the New Zealand Legislation website,

www.legisaltion.govt.nz for a copy of the regulations. It may even be

available from lar,ct being sold in New Zealand which

may fall under the Unsafe Goods Notices then please forward the details

to the Commission.

Kind regards

Gerry Boyns

Contact Centre Adviser

Commerce Commission

44 The Terrace

P.O. Box 2351, Wellington 6140, NZ

Tel: (64-4) 0800 943 600

Facsimile: (64-4) 924 3700

gerry.boyns@comcom.govt.nz

QUESTION: What is my lead exposure when I cut glass tile and smalti, as a mosaic artist???

12 Nov 2007

Florida, USA

I am a mosaic artist and was wondering....

What is my lead exposure when I cut glass tile and smalti???

thank you,

Cynthia

ANSWER: 05 Jun 2009

What is my lead exposure when I cut glass tile and smalti, as a mosaic artist???

Dear Cynthia,

many apologies for the long delay in responding to your email. We did not

have sufficient volunteers to answer queries at the time you wrote.

I hope by now that you were able to work out the way to find the precise

answer to your question. It is by asking your doctor to test the lead in

your blood. There is no better piece of data to let you know precisely how

much care you need to take in your work to reduce your lead exposure. I know

it's not quite the same but the closest factsheet we have that might help

you to make your mosaic artistry more lead-safe is "Beware the lead in

leadlighting" at http://www.lead.org.au/fs/fs18.html

There is also an Australian federal government factsheet called "Lead in

recreational activities" at

http://www.environment.gov.au/atmosphere/airquality/publications/recactivities.html

I will also send you our full Info Pack for lead workers which will help you

to figure out whether you need to make your work practices more lead-safe,

on the basis of your blood lead result.

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

QUESTION: Information/citations/web sites that deal with the transfer rate or leaching of lead from plastics

07 Nov 2007

New York, USA

Could you please provide us with any information/citations/web

sites that deal with the transfer rate or leaching of lead from plastics

(PVC-vinyl lunchboxes etc.)into other media such as food or water. We are

trying to estimate the potential of lead to leach out of these types of

materials into media that could be involved in potential human exposure. Any

help would be greatly appreciated in these potential public health matters

and I would like to thank you in advance for any assistance you might be

able to provide Thanks again, Dean Briggs

Research Scientist

NYS Dept of Health

ANSWER: 05 Jun 2009

Information/citations/web sites that deal with the transfer rate or leaching of lead from plastics

Dear Dean,

many apologies for the long delay in responding to your email. We did not

have sufficient volunteers to answer queries at the time you wrote.

I sincerely hope that by now you have found the answers you were looking for.

If there is anything that you've found that we could add to our library to

make it easier for us to answer similar queries in the future, that would be

greatly appreciated.

As far as I'm aware, the only articles in our library on the topic is

1. a Greenpeace report: "Lead and Cadmium in Children's Vinyl Products"

[attached, originally at

http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/usa/press/reports/lead-and-cadmium-in-children-s.pdf]

which claims Greenpeace test results for lead and cadmium as follows, for

example:

rain hat; Warner Bros. Tweety Warner Bros. 4,060 Pb; 35.4 Cd

rain coat; Columbia Youth Parka Uncle Dan's 22,550 Pb; 47.9 Cd

2. TOYING WITH TOXICS: AN INVESTIGATION OF LEAD AND CADMIUM IN SOFT TOYS IN

THREE CITIES IN INDIA, by Indian NGO Toxics Link, at

http://www.toxicslink.org/pub-view.php?pubnum=161

I look forward to hearing back from you.

Apologies again

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

QUESTION: Can I serve food in leaded orange and red glazed clay bowls?

05 Dec 2007

NSW, Australia

Hi, I have bought some beautiful orange and red clay bowls. I was

told the glaze contained lead. Can I serve food in the bowls? I was told

by the vendor that serving food in them was OK, but storing food was not a

good idea. What is your opinion, do you have any information about orange

and red glazes? Thankyou.

ANSWER: 04 Jan 2008

Can I serve food in leaded orange and red glazed clay bowls?

Dear Madam,

Many apologies for the delay in replying but I have been variously moving

office, sick and on holidays at the farm!

Orange, red and yellow glazes are often the leaded colours but whether lead

is going to leach into the food is dependent on the professionalism of the

formulation and firing, the age and other factors affecting the current

condition of the glaze, as well as, as the vendor points out, the length of

time food or liquid is in contact with the glaze. Heating and cleaning in a

dishwasher will also deteriorate the glaze. The storing of alcoholic or

acidic foodstuffs in glazed ceramicware is certainly not recommended. If

there are cracks or corrosion (chalking) of the leaded glaze then the item

should not be used for food. You can get the full low-down from "LEAD ALERT

FACTS: Lead in Ceramics" at

http://www.environment.gov.au/atmosphere/airquality/publications/ceramics.html

And the very best way to find out if lead (from any source) is getting in to

you is to ask your doctor for a blood lead test prior to trying to conceive

and about every 5 years as you age or whenever you have a full medical for

any purpose.

All the best

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

QUESTION: We recommend that you use any ADRA contractor. It costs ~$10 per sq m

11 Dec 2007

NSW, Australia

Our house was built in 1970. We are seriously thinking of having

ceiling dust extraction but don't know who to contact for a quote and safe

job. Went on ADRA website and found "Lead Alert" and "Attic Vac" who were

recommended and are both relatively near us. Would you recommend either of

these? Also, roughly how much does it cost? Our son has slight ecsma (had

him allergy tested and he is allergic to dust mites (great!) and cockroach

excrement. Would you recommend I have his lead levels tested? He is 10 and

his sister is 8. I try to clean the house as best I can but have recently

noticed dust coming down through our downlights. Also, we did a home

extension (owner builder) about 5 years ago and did absolutely nothing

regarding lead awareness - pretty scary. Can you help?

ANSWER: 25 Jan 2008

We recommend that you use any ADRA contractor. It costs ~$10 per sq m

Dear Madam,

many apologies for the long delay in replying to you. Ironically, the office is being renovated and sadly I overlooked your email.

We recommend any of the Australian Dust Removalists Association members at

http://www.adra.com.au/camcos.html and I understand that the usual price is

around $10 per square metre. I'm really pleased that Lead Alert did the

ceiling dust removal for our office and I'm looking forward to having Demand

Insulation do the ceiling dust removal for my home (just to spread the work

around!) These two companies are the founding members of the association and

provide the President and Treasurer of ADRA respectively.

In the US it is policy to test every child annually up until the age of 6 and in the UK it is policy to test any child of any age who has a learning

difficulty, developmental delay or is on the autism spectrum etc. Australia has no policy but we recommend that people of any age should have a blood lead test every 5 years including anytime they have a medical checkup and opportunistically whenever blood is being taken for another test.

I hope this helps.

All the best

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

the

Environment.

QUESTION: What brands of lipstick contain lead?

03 Dec 2007

USA, USA

What brands of lipstick contain lead?

ME. Royer

ANSWER: 04 Dec 2007

What brands of lipstick contain lead?

Dear Madam,

we don't have any funding to pay for testing any brands of lipstick for lead

but a US non-government coalition of organisations has published a report in

which 33 brands (a small portion of the market) were tested. You should ask

your state or federal agency in charge of cosmetics to test any brands you

are particularly concerned about, if they don't appear on the list of those

already tested.

Please find below two online news articles about the findings, as well as

the link to the actual report of test results.

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

the

Environment.

PO Box 161

Summer Hill NSW 2130

Australia

Ph +61 2 9716 0014

ARTICLE ONE

From: Karen Jacobs, Reuters

Published October 11, 2007 07:12 PM

Lipsticks Contain Excessive Lead, Tests Reveal

http://www.enn.com/top_stories/article/23810

[Please visit the original website to view the whole article. - Mod.]

ATLANTA (Reuters) - Lipsticks tested by a U.S. consumer rights group

found that more than half contained lead and some popular brands

including Cover Girl, L'Oreal and Christian Dior had more lead than

others, the group said on Thursday.

The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics said tests on 33 brand-name red

lipsticks by the Bodycote Testing Group in Santa Fe Spring, California,

found that 61 percent had detectable lead levels of 0.03 to 0.65 parts

per million (ppm).

Lipstick, like candy, is ingested. The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, a

coalition of public health, environmental and women's groups, said the

FDA has not set a limit for lead in lipstick.

One-third of the lipsticks tested contained an amount of lead that

exceeded the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's 0.1 ppm limit for lead

in candy -- a standard established to protect children from ingesting

lead, the group said. Thirty-nine percent of the lipsticks tested had no

discernible lead, it said.

....

The coalition said that some less expensive brands it had tested, such

as Revlon, had no detectable levels of lead, while the more expensive

Dior Addict brand had higher levels than some other brands.

The Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association trade group said in a

statement that lead was a naturally occurring element that was not

intentionally added to cosmetics.

The FDA has "set strict limits for lead levels allowed in the colors

used in lipsticks, and actually analyze most of these to ensure they are

followed," the association's statement said. "The products identified in

the (CSC) report meet these standards."

From: Paul Schaefer, ENN

Published December 3, 2007 11:02 AM

Sens. Kerry, Boxer and Feinstein call on FDA to Establish Maximum Level

for Lead in Lipstick

http://www.enn.com/top_stories/article/26387

[Please visit the original website to view the whole article. - Mod.]

WASHINGTON - Senators John Kerry, Diane Feinstein and Barbara Boxer are

urging the Food and Drug Administration to test a wide range of lipstick

brands for the presence of lead, to publicly report their results, and

to limit lead in lipstick and other cosmetics products to "the lowest

detectable levels found in laboratory tests."

....

The FDA told the Associated Press in October that the agency would "look

into" the laboratory results of lead in lipstick disclosed by the

Campaign for Safe Cosmetics. More than six weeks later, FDA has not

released any data.

"We commend the U.S. Senate for pushing FDA to take action. By remaining

silent on this issue, FDA is not protecting the health of the American

public," said Cindy Luppi, N,smetics.

"Dangerous levels of lead in lipstick is the latest reminder that

insufficient safeguards at the FDA pose real risks to everyday

Americans," Kerry said in a statement. "There has been a continuous flow

of unnerving news in recent months about the FDA's clear lack of

oversight and inspection. Washington is gambling with our health,

whether we are aware of it or not. It's time for the FDA to start taking

this responsibility more seriously."

Sen. Kerry's press release can be found at

http://kerry.senate.gov/cfm/record.cfm?id=287801.

Founding members of the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics include: Alliance

for a Healthy Tomorrow, Breast Cancer Fund, Clean Water Fund,

Commonweal, Environmental Working Group, Friends of the Earth,

Massachusetts Breast Cancer Coalition, National Black Environmental

Justice Network, National Environmental Trust and Women's Voices for the

Earth.

Source: Campaign for Safe Cosmetics

ARTICLE TWO

Boston Globe.

Full article at:

http://tinyurl.com/35howx

----------

Lead tests raise red flag for lipsticks

Hazardous levels found in one-third of market samples

By John C. Drake, Globe Staff

October 11, 2007

Parents worried about the dangers of lead in their children's toys, bibs,

and homes are about to be confronted with a new potential hazard: their

lipstick.

The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics is releasing today product test results that

found that more than half of 33 brand-name lipsticks tested contained lead.

The lead levels in one-third of the lipstick samples, purchased from

retailers in four cities, including Boston, exceeded 0.1 parts per million,

which is the federal lead limit for candy.

The lead levels varied independently of the lipstick's cost, according to

the coalition of public health and consumer rights' groups.

"There are hazardous levels of lead in lipstick," said Stacy Malkan, a

cofounder of the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics. "These tests are a wake-up

call to the industry."

The lead levels should not concern healthy women without children in their

homes, said Joel Tickner, a professor of environmental health at the

University of Massachusetts at Lowell. But use of lead-tainted lipstick by

pregnant women could lead to lead exposure for the fetus, and lead exposure

for children who use lipstick is also a concern, he said.

"These levels of lead are not likely to cause poisoning," said Tickner, a

specialist on exposure to toxic chemicals. "They are likely to be cumulative

to other exposures and can cause subtle neurological effects you can't trace

back to a single exposure." [snip]

The findings follow numerous recent nationwide recalls of children's toys

and jewelry found to have excessive levels of lead. "There seems to be an

almost endless list of products that infant children and pregnant women are

exposed to that put them at risk for lead poisoning," said Dr. Sean Palfrey,

a pediatrician at Boston Medical Center and medical director of the Boston

Lead Poisoning Prevention Program.

"If you have a mom who uses a lipstick which has some lead in it and then

she gets pregnant, she may be slightly poisoned and can poison her fetus,"

he said. "Then the baby is born and may have an elevated lead level, which

is dangerous."

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says there is no safe

level of lead exposure for children and has called for eliminating lead

hazards in children's environments. But the federal government has not

cautioned about lead content in lipstick. [snip]

The Campaign for Safe Cosmetics is calling on manufacturers to reformulate

their products to remove lead and is calling on the Food and Drug

Administration to more closely regulate the content of cosmetics.

But she cautioned that these tests should not be taken as "the definitive

word" on lead in lipstick. "It's a tiny percentage of the market in

lipstick," she said. "Our test identified a problem in the industry. There',s

lead in lipstick that doesn't need to be there and shouldn't be there."

-----------

Link to PDF document containing test results for specific brands:

www.boston.com/news/daily/11/poison_kiss_final1.pdf

----------,

QUESTION: Do you know any good OH&S/tox doctors for Ranelagh Tasmania area?

10 Dec 2007

NSW, Australia

I am a 45 year old mother of three children. I have worked most

of my life except when recovering and in the final stages of pregnancy. I

have been ill for the last eight years and am progressivly getting worse.

In Nov 1999 I suffered a stroke whilst in the midst of working 7-8 hours per

day, caring for two young children and one older child, maintaining a home

with all the duties attached to that, helping my husband to care for his

aged and seriously ill parents and trying to help the local child care

centre from being taken over by the local council. I was perforing all my

other duties and then attending meetings to form a committee of voluntary

members of the community to run the creche as a non profit organisation that

concentrated on quality of care rather than a profit producing body which is

what the council have now made it. Unfortunately the stroke I had coincided

with the receivers and managers coming in to make their assessment of the

situation and !

I was unavailable to argue our case thus the loss of a very good child care

facility in fact the only one in the area that I live in ie. the Huon

Valley. I was treated for the stroke and was making a recovery from it when

I began to experience severe pain in my hands, fingers and wrists that then

progressed to the muscles in my arms and shoulders and neck. Next my feet

began to cause me pain which seemed to creep up to my ankles, knees and

hips. At the same time I became very tired. My GP concluded that I had

Rhematoid arthritis and referred me to see a Rhematologist the earliest

appointment she could get me was three months away and I was in chronic pain

and trying to continue to care for my children one of which was in nappies

and work as I could manage at home as I had moved the office for the

business to our home and employed a bookeeper to do the work I had until

recently been doing. I still needed to supervise her work as she was

unfamiliar with the requirements o!

f the business. In an effort to help me my GP prescribed pre!

dnisolone to reduce the inflamation of my muscles which had continued to get

worse. The business I worked in was a service station and repair garage. I

began work with my husbands father who then owned the business and my duties

included all bookeeping, accounting, stock control, payroll, banking etc and

serving fuel as it was a country service station and our clients were used

to being served and greeted with a friendly face. Most of our customers

were local people from the surrounding area the balance being seasonal

tourists and holidaying families. As a result of the prednisolone my GP had

given me I developed severe stomach pain and heart burn and my GP decided

that yes I had an ulcer and treated me with an ulcer medication that should

have cleared up the problem easily unfortunately unbeknown to me I was

allergic to the medication and ended up in hospital with my kidneys and

liver threatning to stop functioning and my veins collapsing and in a worse

mess. A special!

ist was called in when it became apparent that there was much more wrong

with me than the ulcer and subsquent allergic reaction. He spent four years

treating me for various diseases that he was convinced I had to no avail. I

then insisted on being referred to interstate doctors in the hope that they

could determine what was wrong with me and spent quite some time going in

and out of St Vincents Hospital being investigated for the problem that

seemed to have no answer. This culminated in the removal of my Thymus Gland

in Feb 2005 and then a wait for the miraculous recovery from my illness that

did not come. In the meantime I saw a lady GP on an unrelated or,investigation. The test came back and sure

enough I had very high levels of lead, cadnium and aluminium. She then

refferred me on to Dr G S!

chwartz for treatment. Dr Schwartz wanted to do a chelation !

test to confirm the lead levels that showed up on the hair analysis but the

practice would not allow him to carry out the test, consequently I finally

ended up at Dr R Cooper's practice to have the test done. I have an

unfortunate tendancy to allergic reations to many substances which has made

treatment of me very hard. One of these is sulphur which is an integral

part of the majority of treatments to chelate the heavy metal from me. My

lead level by chelation test is 39 mcg/mg. Subsequent investigation has

revealed that the office I worked in had extremely high levels of all the

chemicals that showed up in the hair analysis, The stock room I worked in

was full of this heavily laden dust and as I did stock takes and found and

gave stock to customers I was breating in the dust on a regular basis

unaware that there was anything wrong with it. The motor vehicles that my

husband worked on every day of neccessity had to be running and the fumes

from the vehicles was highly co!

ncentrated in the office because it is situated inside the shed and for the

first few years that I worked and served fuel it was still the old standard

petrol laden with lead so I was breathing in the fumes from that as well as

being doused at regular intervals in it as the old filling hoses and

receptacle tubes were not the best when it came to keeping the fuel in the

tank and not everywhere else. I also had to hand mix cans of lawn mower

fuel to correct specifications to suit the equipment being used and served

Diesel fuel. I was unaware that the fumes were dangerous and so when I fell

pregnant with our youngest child I continued to work until it became to

uncomfortable to continue and returned to work soon after his birth and

horror of horror's sat and breast fed him in the storeroom that was so laden

with dangerous dust and then put him to sleep in the room in a port-a-cot

amongst the dust and the car exhaust fumes. He has just had a chelation

test as his hair test sh!

owed levels of about half of mine and the doctors have been a!

nxious to try to get treatment going with me before beginning on my son and

also we have had a serious lack of funds to pay for these treatments as they

are not covered by medicare or our health fund and so much money has gone

on getting me to the stage that I am now that we have been scratching to pay

normal house accounts. In March 2000 my husband and I had planned to take

over the business from his father as he had had two major strokes by this

stage and was unable to work at all. The doctors kept promising that within

six months I would be fit and well again so we attempted to soldier on. My

husband has taken the brunt of the workload having to care for me and the

children and run the business. Both his parents passed away suddenly as did

my grandparents who were elderly and both very ill. We have no family

support as both my husbands sister and my sister and father live interstate

and cannot help. We have just managed to sell a block of land that my

husband inher!

ited from his father and hopefully this will pay for the next round of

treatment that Dr Cooper wants to try as everything else has made me worse.

Can you tell me is there a mainstream method of treatment for this problem?

I have queried my local GP who share treats me at the present as Dr Cooper

is some 45 km from where we live and I cannot drive in fact most days I find

it nearly impossible to walk. I have spent the last twevle months basically

bedridden. I am exhausted by the time my husband has bathed and dried me.

I am battling to reduce the prednisolone and stop taking it as it has

doubled my body weight and I know that it is a dangerous ,medication to take

long term. Any information that you can give me would be greatfully

accepted. I worry constantly about what the lead has done to my son and can

see myself that things are not right with him but I am so caught up in my

own battle that there is little I can do to help him apart from tell him how

much I love him !

and assure him that everything will be alright in the end eve!

n though I know that this is probably not true. I look forward to any

advice you can give me.

Regards Tracy

ANSWER: 10 Dec 2007

Do you know any good OH&S/tox doctors for Ranelagh Tasmania area?

Dear Chris,

this email below leaves me wanting to refer Tracy to someone who really

knows alkyl lead poisoning backwards and can help at not too great a cost.

Do you have a magic list of such doctors or even one name?

Cheers

Liz

QUESTION: Ancient Medicine: The Ongoing Debate about Lead Poisoning in the Roman Empire

13 Dec 2007

Zuid-Holland, The Netherlands

Dear Madam, Sir,

I'm writing my thesis on Ancient Medicine: The Ongoing Debate about

Leadpoisoning in the Roman Empire.

One of the rather vague points of discussion is the use of leadwhite as a

cosmetic to give the skin a whiter, unblemished look. The vagueness is not

about the use of leadwhite as facepaint (we've got ample literary proof of

that) but wether leadwhite can be absorbed through the skin. Leaded petrol

gets absorbed by the skin, but this is because it's (and please correct me

if I'm wrong) an inorganic form of lead (?) which does not occur in nature

(?) and the Romans did not know how to make (?) (I'm a historian, not a

chemist)

My question therefore is: could you direct me to a publication where it is

proved or disproved that the lead in leadwhite (or any form of lead, like

galena or litharge, crushed and used in a salve) gets absorbed through the

skin so it could get into the bloodstream.

My thanks for your time and effort.

ANSWER: 13 Dec 2007

Ancient Medicine: The Ongoing Debate about Lead Poisoning in the Roman Empire

Dear Madam,

the questions you pose are very interesting and I am really glad to know

that you are doing this research. I presume that you have read a key

critical book on the subject: "Rome's Ruin By Lead Poison" by Gilfillan, S

Colum, PhD, Wenzel Press, PO Box 14789, Long Beach, California USA 90803.

Copyright 1990 by Barbara Crowley. All rights reserved. Dr Gilfillan died a

short while after completing the book in 1987 so the book was published

posthumously.

The book is out of print and now probably a RARE BOOK but Barbara Crowley

kindly donated some copies to our Charity, The LEAD Group (all we had to pay

was the postage from the US to Australia) for sale to special people who

might need a copy - like YOU! Please let me know if you want to buy one. The

last one we purchased in 2002 cost AU$50 so we would charge AU$50 plus

postage from Australia to the Netherlands.

Among other things, the book makes the point that there were plenty of lead

sources in addition to lead white facepaint in Roman Times and one of the

most important sources was grapa or grape syrup, made by boiling down or

concentrating grape juice in lead cauldrons, and then added to wine to

preserve it. Dr Gilfillan wrote on pages 2 to 3 of his book:

" The most significant sources of lead were vintage wines, grape syrup,

cooked fruits, vinegar, lead-glazed art pottery, the water supply from lead

conduits, roofs and tanks, and from lead in cosmetics, writing materials,

toys and wall paint."

But you probably knew all that!

So, to answer your question - you like many other people seem to have

confused the use of the term inorganic in relation to chemistry, with

something that is not organic or not natural. Inorganic in the world of

chemistry simply means not based on carbon and hydrogen ie not "organic".

The alkyl lead added to petrol since the early 1920s is an organic compound

(man-made and containing carbon and hydrogen) and can be absorbed via the

skin - but so too can inorganic lead compounds such as the lead compound in

white lead.

Please find below some information I've written previously which includes

references on skin absorption of lead.

"Lead is absorbed through the skin (Bress and Bidanset 1991) although

skin-absorbed lead may remain undetected if only blood lead measurements are

used to assess exposure (Stauber et al. 1994).

"The most common route of occupational exposure to lead is inhalation of

lead fumes or lead-laden dusts in air and absorption of lead through the

respiratory system. Lead also may be ingested and absorbed via the

gastrointestinal tract and significant amounts of inorganic lead compounds

can be absorbed via the skin (Sun et al. 2002) especially if the skin is

sweaty (Lilley et al. 1988)."

REFERENCES:

Bress and Bidanset 1991

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=1858297&dopt=Abstract

Stauber et al. 1994

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=8016629&query_hl=2

Sun et al. 2002

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=12529920

Lilley et al. 1988

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=3238426&dopt=Abstract

I have proposed that the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the USA,

fund further research into this issue especially since the health impacts of

skin-absorbed lead are virtually unknown.

I hope this helps and please stay in touch so we can track the progress of

your thesis (and possibly web-publish it for you if you want and you give

permission!).

All the best

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

World Environment D,Advice & Support Service (GLASS)

QUESTION: Would you like to buy an $80 or a $220 DIY-sampling Home Lead Assessment Kit?

19 Dec 2007

NSW, Australia

Please send me a do it yourself kit....thanks

ANSWER: 19 Dec 2007

Would you like to buy an $80 or a $220 DIY-sampling Home Lead Assessment Kit?

Dear Harry,

sorry for any misunderstanding about kits but we can only send you a kit

these days if you can pre-pay for the lab analysis. We charge $80 for a

two-sample kit and $220 for an 8-sample kit and you can either phone or

email with your Visa or Mastercard details if you would like to buy one. If

you email your details, please include a phone number too and the expiry

date and name on card as well as card number.

All the best

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien

QUESTION: I need to learn all there is about chelation.

27 Dec 2007

Queensland, Australia

Hello, and thank you for such an interesting site.

Due to problems in aboriginal reserves and friends or acquaintances in Mt

Isa and Port Kembla phoning me re health problems, fatigue, drinking, and

lead/metal in air and work place, I feel it necessary to learn all there is

about Chelation, due to one particular man, telling and proving to me that

it is the 'best thing he's ever done' unquote.

Please send all information possible to me, either via net or mail, in order

to find out more, and assist many.

Regards and all the very best in the New Year

Marnie

ANSWER: 12 May 2009

I need to learn all there is about chelation.

Dear Marine,

I apologize for the tremendous delay in response to your question. We had a

lack of staff who answer the incoming e-mails. We have just created an info

pack about chelation therapy, which I will be sending to you in another

e-mail. I hope you will find it beneficial.

Regards,

Iman Hegazi

MBBS, MD. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Volunteer

QUESTION: I have sensitivity to drugs used in chelation for treatment of lead poisoning. Is there a mainstream method of treatment for this problem?

08 Dec 2007

Tasmania, Australia

I am a 45 year old mother of three children. I have worked most

of my life except when recovering and in the final stages of pregnancy. I

have been ill for the last eight years and am progressivly getting worse.

In Nov 1999 I suffered a stroke whilst in the midst of working 7-8 hours per

day, caring for two young children and one older child, maintaining a home

with all the duties attached to that, helping my husband to care for his

aged and seriously ill parents and trying to help the local child care

centre from being taken over by the local council. I was perforing all my

other duties and then attending meetings to form a committee of voluntary

members of the community to run the creche as a non profit organisation that

concentrated on quality of care rather than a profit producing body which is

what the council have now made it. Unfortunately the stroke I had coincided

with the receivers and managers coming in to make their assessment of the

situation and !

I was unavailable to argue our case thus the loss of a very good child care

facility in fact the only one in the area that I live in ie. the Huon

Valley. I was treated for the stroke and was making a recovery from it when

I began to experience severe pain in my hands, fingers and wrists that then

progressed to the muscles in my arms and shoulders and neck. Next my feet

began to cause me pain which seemed to creep up to my ankles, knees and

hips. At the same time I became very tired. My GP concluded that I had

Rhematoid arthritis and referred me to see a Rhematologist the earliest

appointment she could get me was three months away and I was in chronic pain

and trying to continue to care for my children one of which was in nappies

and work as I could manage at home as I had moved the office for the

business to our home and employed a bookeeper to do the work I had until

recently been doing. I still needed to supervise her work as she was

unfamiliar with the requirements o!

f the business. In an effort to help me my GP prescribed pre!

dnisolone to reduce the inflamation of my muscles which had continued to get

worse. The business I worked in was a service station and repair garage. I

began work with my husbands father who then owned the business and my duties

included all bookeeping, accounting, stock control, payroll, banking etc and

serving fuel as it was a country service station and our clients were used

to being served and greeted with a friendly face. Most of our customers

were local people from the surrounding area the balance being seasonal

tourists and holidaying families. As a result of the prednisolone my GP had

given me I developed severe stomach pain and heart burn and my GP decided

that yes I had an ulcer and treated me with an ulcer medication that should

have cleared up the problem easily unfortunately unbeknown to me I was

allergic to the medication and ended up in hospital with my kidneys and

liver threatning to stop functioning and my veins collapsing and in a worse

mess. A special!

ist was called in when it became apparent that there was much more wrong

with me than the ulcer and subsquent allergic reaction. He spent four years

treating me for various diseases that he was convinced I had to no avail. I

then insisted on being referred to interstate doctors in the hope that they

could determine what was wrong with me and spent quite some time going in

and out of St Vincents Hospital being investigated for the problem that

seemed to have no answer. This culminated in the removal of my Thymus Gland

in Feb 2005 and then a wait for the miraculous recovery from my illness that

,investigation. The test came back and sure

enough I had very high levels of lead, cadnium and aluminium. She then

refferred me on to Dr G S!

chwartz for treatment. Dr Schwartz wanted to do a chelation !

test to confirm the lead levels that showed up on the hair analysis but the

practice would not allow him to carry out the test, consequently I finally

ended up at Dr R Cooper's practice to have the test done. I have an

unfortunate tendancy to allergic reations to many substances which has made

treatment of me very hard. One of these is sulphur which is an integral

part of the majority of treatments to chelate the heavy metal from me. My

lead level by chelation test is 39 mcg/mg. Subsequent investigation has

revealed that the office I worked in had extremely high levels of all the

chemicals that showed up in the hair analysis, The stock room I worked in

was full of this heavily laden dust and as I did stock takes and found and

gave stock to customers I was breating in the dust on a regular basis

unaware that there was anything wrong with it. The motor vehicles that my

husband worked on every day of neccessity had to be running and the fumes

from the vehicles was highly co!

ncentrated in the office because it is situated inside the shed and for the

first few years that I worked and served fuel it was still the old standard

petrol laden with lead so I was breathing in the fumes from that as well as

being doused at regular intervals in it as the old filling hoses and

receptacle tubes were not the best when it came to keeping the fuel in the

tank and not everywhere else. I also had to hand mix cans of lawn mower

fuel to correct specifications to suit the equipment being used and served

Diesel fuel. I was unaware that the fumes were dangerous and so when I fell

pregnant with our youngest child I continued to work until it became to

uncomfortable to continue and returned to work soon after his birth and

horror of horror's sat and breast fed him in the storeroom that was so laden

with dangerous dust and then put him to sleep in the room in a port-a-cot

amongst the dust and the car exhaust fumes. He has just had a chelation

test as his hair test sh!

owed levels of about half of mine and the doctors have been a!

nxious to try to get treatment going with me before beginning on my son and

also we have had a serious lack of funds to pay for these treatments as they

are not covered by medicare or our health fund and so much money has gone

on getting me to the stage that I am now that we have been scratching to pay

normal house accounts. In March 2000 my husband and I had planned to take

over the business from his father as he had had two major strokes by this

stage and was unable to work at all. The doctors kept promising that within

six months I would be fit and well again so we attempted to soldier on. My

husband has taken the brunt of the workload having to care for me and the

children and run the business. Both his parents passed away suddenly as did

my grandparents who were elderly and both very ill. We have no family

support as both my husbands sister and my sister and father live interstate

and cannot help. We have just managed to sell a block of land that my

husband inher!

ited from his father and hopefully this will pay for the next round of

treatment that Dr Cooper wants to try as everything else has made me worse.

Can you tell me is there a mainstream method of treatment for this problem?

I have queried my local GP who share treats me at the present as Dr Cooper

is some 45 km from where we live and I cannot drive in fact most days I find

it nearly impossible to walk. I have spent the last twevle months basically

bedridden. I am exhausted by the time my husband has bathed and dried me.

I am battling to reduce the prednisolone and stop taking it as it has

doubled my body weight and I know that it is a dangerous ,medication to take

long term. Any information that you can give me would be greatfully

accepted. I worry constantly about what the lead has done to my son and can

see myself that things are not right with him but I am so caught up in my

own battle that there is little I can do to help him apart from tell him how

much I love him !

and assure him that everything will be alright in the end eve!

n though I know that this is probably not true. I look forward to any

advice you can give me.

Regards Tracy

ANSWER: 12 May 2009

I have sensitivity to drugs used in chelation for treatment of lead poisoning. Is there a mainstream method of treatment for this problem?

Dear Tracy,

We apologize for the tremendous delay in response to your question. We had a

lack of staff who answer the incoming email. If we had known that one of the

form responses was yours we would have surely answered it first, but

unfortunately they all appear the same in the inbox. Reading your e-mail,

and what you did before being ill, I think you're a real hero and you can

get through all that. I really hope you are much better now and that you

have improved on Dr Cooper's new treatment. I tried to call you this morning

on 0437 663 323, which I got from the white pages, but no one answered. I

hope you can call me back or send me an e-mail because I have a lot of

questions for you, like;

Have you had your blood level checked?

When you were diagnosed with Rheumatoid arthritis, did you have rheumatoid

factor +ve?

During the treatment with prednisolone, are you taking anything for your

stomach?

Did the rheumatologist treat you with a drug called "methotrexate" or tell

you that you could not be given that drug for any reasons?

How are your kidney function tests?

And, regarding your son,

What did you mean by things were not alright with him? Have you tried

testing his blood lead level?

I hope to hear from you soon,

Wish you all the best.

Regards,

Iman Hegazi

MBBS, MD. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Volunteer

QUESTION: Is there any record of Demeyere kettles having been manufactured using lead solder?

02 Dec 2007

WA, Australia

I have a Demeyere kettle which is manufactured in Belgium like the Russell Hobbs kettle that was recalled. It seems to leave a discolouration in the water. Is there any record of these kettles having been manufactured using lead solder, and if not, how would I go about having it tested?

Regards,

Pat

ANSWER: 12 May 2009

Is there any record of Demeyere kettles having been manufactured using lead solder?

Dear Patricia,

many apologies for taking so long to answer your inquiry. We simply do not have enough staff to answer all the inquiries we receive.

We have never heard of Demeyere kettles causing any problems of adding lead to the water boiled in them and a websearch for Demeyere and "lead solder" gives zero results. Also, a search of www.demeyere.be for "lead-free" or "solder" gives no results so if you email them then you could ask them if they might consider stating online that their products are lead-free, if indeed they are.

We always recommend that you ask the retailer questions like "Do Demeyere kettles contain lead solder?", even though the retailer may then tell you to ask the importer who may then tell you to ask the manufacturer. It's always good to have their answer in writing.

If you cannot obtain an answer or if you are still concerned about the boiled water containing lead, the best test to do would be a blood lead test of anyone who has been drinking the boiled water from the Demeyere kettle. Just ask the doctor.

If the blood lead level is elevated, ie above 2 micrograms per decilitre, then we recommend sending samples of suspect items to a lab for lead testing, eg boiled kettle water, though, to be fair, you would also have to send a sample of your drinking water that has not been boiled so you know that any lead detected in the boiled water sample was not already in the water prior to boiling. Boiling leaded water will generally concentrate the lead and raise the lead level so the result for the boiled water may be higher than the result for the unboiled water even if the kettle IS lead-free.

The best way to pay for the sampling equipment and instructions, lab analysis and interpretation sheet all in one transaction is to buy one of our DIY-sampling home lead assessment kits. The cost is $100 (total) for two lead analyses. You can phone or email your credit card details and phone number if you wish to proceed with a kit purchase.

Apologies again for the delay in replying.

Yours Sincerely

Elizabeth O達rien