LEAD Action News
LEAD Action News Volume 13 Number 3, May 2013, ISSN 1324-6011
Incorporating Lead Aware Times ( ISSN 1440-4966) and Lead Advisory Service News (ISSN 1440-0561)
The Journal of The LEAD (Lead Education and Abatement Design) Group Inc.
Editorial Team: Elizabeth O’Brien, Zac Gethin-Damon, Hitesh Lohani and Shristi Lohani

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 Are speech difficulties more likely to develop in non-breastfed babies?

Result of search of Lactation Resource Centre (LRC) DATABASE 

Lactation Resource Centre (LRC)

1818-1822 Malvern Road, East Malvern Vic 3145

P O Box 4000, Glen Iris Vic 3146

Tel: (03) 9885-0855 Fax: (03) 9885-0866



Are speech difficulties more likely to develop in non-breastfed babies? Put another way, Is speech development assisted by breastfeeding? Do you have the first research articles on this topic? That is, the oldest?

PURPOSE OF SEARCH: We’re writing an e-newsletter article on the topic:: “Lead exposure, breastfeeding and speech development” because we want to let our web-users know if there are any links between these three things, and specifically whether lead exposure is generally higher for bottle-fed babies and whether there are correlations between high lead exposure and poor speech development; and between artificial feeding and poor speech development or between the combination of lead exposure and artificial feeding and poor speech development. Editorial Team, LEAD Action News.

From: Lactation Resource Centre

Sent: Tuesday, March 29, 2011 11:36 AM

To: The LEAD Group Inc

Subject: Breastfeeding and speech development

Hi Elizabeth

This search may be a little broader than you really wanted, but at least it shouldn't leave out what you wanted. I've included some articles on infant neurological or intellectual development more generally. There are early (1970s) reports from New Zealand on speech development, and there are much more recent works too.

And if you want copies of any of the articles, go to www.lrc.asn.au/copyform.html to find the form for that.


Liz McGuire BSc IBCLC, Information Officer, Lactation Resource Centre www.lrc.asn.au, Australian Breastfeeding Association www.breastfeeding.asn.au


Booklets and leaflets may be included in this listing for your information.

Copyright regulations prevent these from being copied in their entirety.

INF05.03 Broad FE 1972, The effects of infant feeding on speech quality. NZ 72BRO Med J 76(482): 28-31. Keywords:

INF05.03 Broad F 1975, Further studies on the effects of infant feeding on 75BRO speech quality. NZ Med J 82(553): 373-376. Keywords:

INF05.03 Broad F, Duganzich D 1983, The effects of infant feeding, birth 83BRO order, occupation and socio-economic status on speech in six year old children. NZ Med J 22 Jun: 483-486. Keywords:

INF05.02 Lucas A, Morley R, Cole TJ, Gore SM, Davis JA, Bamford MFM, 89LUC Dossetor JFB 1989, Early diet in preterm babies and developmental status in infancy. Arch Dis Child 64(11): 1570-1578. Keywords: premature, premature formula, birthweight low, development general, development neurological, feeding choice, comparison, IQ.

INF05.03 Smith VL, Gerber SE 1993, Infant feeding and phonologic 93SMI development. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 28(1): 41-49. Keywords: development general, development oral, duration, measurement, exclusive breastfeeding.

INF05.02 Lanting CI, Fidler V, Huisman M, Touwen BCL, Boersma ER 1994, 94LAN Neurological differences between 9-year-old children fed breast- milk or formula-milk as babies. Lancet 344(12 Nov): 1319-1322. Keywords: comparison, development neurological, artificial feeding, questionnaire, advantage, fatty acid.

INF05 Pollock JI 1994, Long-term associations with infant feeding in a 94POL clinically advantaged population of babies. Dev Med Child Neurol 36(5): 429-440. Keywords: practices feeding, comparison, definition, research, epidemiology, methodology, methodology, health public, feeding choice, artificial feeding, exclusive breastfeeding, advantage, IQ, milk composition, protective effect, development oral.

INF05.01 Vestergaard M, Obel C, Henrikson TB, Sorensen HT, Skajaa E, 99VES Ostergaard J 1999, Duration of breastfeeding and developmental milestones during the latter half of infancy. Acta Paediatr 88(12): 1327-1332. Keywords: feeding choice, duration, development neurological, development psychomotor, behaviour, behaviour infant, study cohort.

INF05.02 Innis SM, Gilley J, Werker J 2001, Are human milk long-chain 2001INN polyunsaturated fatty acids related to visual and neural development in breast-fed term infants? J Pediatr 139(4): 532-538. Keywords: development neurological, development visual, fatty acid.

INF08 Blaymore JA, Oliver T, Ferguson AE, Vohr BR 2002, Human milk 2002BLA improves cognitive and motor development of premature infants during infancy. J Hum Lact 18(4): 361-367. Keywords: development psychomotor, development neurological, premature, advantage. Journal

INF05.02 Bouwstra H, Boersma ER, Boehm G, Dijck-Brouwer DA, Muskiet FAJ, 2003BOU Hadders-Algra M 2003, Exclusive breastfeeding of healthy term infants for at least 6 weeks improves neurological condition. J Nutr 133: 4243-4245. Keywords: development psychomotor, development neurological, exclusive breastfeeding, duration, advantage.

NTI01.08 Helland Ib, Smith L, Saarem K, Saugstad OD, Drevon CA 2003, 2003HEL Maternal supplementation with very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation augments children's IQ at 4 years of age. Pediatrics 111(1): e39-e44. Keywords: lipid, fatty acid, diet mother, supplement to mother, IQ, development intellectual, development neurological, long term effect.

NTI06.02 Vohr BR, Poindexter BB, Dusick AM, McKinley LT, Wright LL, Langer

2006VOH JC, Poole WK, for the NICHD Neonatal Research Network 2006, Beneficial effects of breast milk in the neonatal intensive care unit on the developmental outcome of extremely low birth weight infants at 18 months of age. Pediatrics 118(1): e115-e123. Keywords: birthweight very low, development intellectual, development neurological, premature, advantage, IQ.

INF05.02 Petryk A, Harris SR, Jongbloed L 2007, Breastfeeding and 2007PET neurodevelopment - a literature review. Infants Young Child 20(2): 120-134. Keywords: development neurological, development visual, development psychomotor, development intellectual, review.

INF05.03 Prathanee B, Thinkhamrop B, Dechongkit S 2007, Factors associated 2007PRA with specific language impairment and later language development during early life: A literature review. Clin Pediatr 46(1): 22-29. Keywords: development oral, risk factor, protective effect, genetic factors, review.

INF08 Vohr BR, Poindexter BB, Dusick AM, McKinley LT, Higgins RD, Langer 2007VOH JC, Poole WK, National Institute of Child Health and Development National Research Network 2007, Persistent beneficial effects of breast milk ingested in the neonatal intensive care unit on outcomes of extremely low birth weight infants at 30 months of age. Pediatrics 120(4): e953-e959. Keywords: birthweight very low, development neurological, dose response, advantage, development general.

INF05.02 Heinonen K, Raikkonen K, Pesonen A-K, Kajantie E, Andersson S, 2008HEI Eriksson JG, Niemela A, Vartia T, Peltola J, Lano A 2008, Prenatal and postnatal growth and cognitive abilities at 56 months of age: A longitudinal study of infants born at term. Pediatrics 121(5): e1325-e1333. Keywords: growth, development, development physical, development intellectual, term.

INF05.02 Isaacs EB, Gadian DG, Sabatini S, Chong WK, Quinn BT, Fischl BR, 2008ISA Lucas A 2008, The effect of early human diet on caudate volumes and IQ. Pediatr Res 63(3): 308-314. Keywords: nutrition infant, premature, long term effect, IQ, development neurological, development intellectual.

INF05.03 Barbosa C, Vasquez S, Parada MA, Gonzalez JCV, Jackson C, Yanez 2009BAR ND, Gelaye B, Fitzpatrick AL 2009, The relationship of bottle feeding and other sucking behaviors with speech disorder in Patagonian preschoolers. BMC Pediatrics 9(66): 1-8 freely available from www.biomedcentral.com. Keywords: artificial feeding, development oral, dummy, sucking dummy, sucking thumb, sucking non nutritive, sucking nutritive, questionnaire.

INF05.02 Holme A, MacArthur C, Lancashire R 2010, The effects of 2010HOL breastfeeding on cognitive and neurological development of children at 9 years. Child: care, health and development 36(4): 583-590. Keywords: development intellectual, IQ, UK, development neurological. 

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